United States of America

Not involved with monarchies as such, this country is much too significant a world power to ignore, even so. What follows is a catalogue of the 50 states, detailing their individual journeys toward statehood. NOTE WELL: These pages details only the European expansion into the area of the U.S.A. In very few places are pre-Columbian or ante-European societies mentioned. I will place further information on them when I can, on a separate page.

Go to Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hamphire, New JerseyNew Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming.

Presidents of the United States Surely one of the most available lists of this sort on the planet, I include it here simply for completeness' sake (I have Roman Consuls, Archons of Athens, Russian premiers, and Chinese chairmen, why not the USA...?). In order to make this listing at least marginally more interesting, I include the chief executives of what could conceivably thought of as the first American republic - that structure mandated by the Articles of Confederation.

District of Columbia Having been asked on several occasions to list administrators of the District, I append them here. The District is difficult to catagorize; neither a state nor a territory, in some ways it has been governed more like a national park than anything else, and there have been a number of versions or attempts at providing a reasonable administration. The District was formed in 1791 as a seat for the national government, out of land extracted on both sides of the Potomac from Maryland and Virginia. At first regarded as a territory, it was made a special district in 1796. Administration was provided for the most part by the Mayor of the city of Washington, together with the mayors of the adjacent cities of Georgetown and, across the river, Alexandria. The Virginia half was returned to that state in 1846. In 1871 the whole District was given a Governor, but that arrangement passed to a Commission in 1874, which was reorganized as a Board of Commissioners in 1878. In 1967 the Commission gave way to a Mayor of Washington once again (including the former city of Georgetown), and at the beginning of 1975 autonomous home rule was established within that mayorality.